FRIENDS HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION
Explores: LENAPE AND QUAKER RELATIONSHIPS IN
SOUTHERN NEW JERSEY
On May 6th, 2017, Friends Historical Association arranged a spring tour to a Quaker site of interest. This year, inspired by last November’s conference “Quakers, First Nations and American Indians from the 1650s to the 21st century,” we traveled to southern New Jersey to learn about past and present Quaker-Indian relationships, share stories, and renew friendships. We made stops at the following sites:
- Salem Oak and Friends Burial Ground, also the site of the first Quaker meeting in West Jersey;
- Lower Alloways Creek Meeting House, which was named for Aloes or Alowas, a Lenape sachem;
- Greenwich Village, with a stop at Greenwich Friends Meeting; and
- Nanticoke Lenni-Lenape Tribal Grounds.
- In Greenwich: Bacons Neck, Ambury Hill Graveyard, the Cumberland County Prehistorical Museum, and the 1870 monument erected by Quaker George Bacon Wood to an Indian chief whose name is lost; and
- Gouldtown, established 1690, possibly the oldest African-American community in the United States.
In May of 2016, Friends Historical Association sponsored a three-day tour of historic sites relating to Quakers and movements for equality (for Native Americans, African Americans, and women) in upstate New York.
See photos from the trip here.
Participants also celebrated the 200th anniversary of the 1816 Quaker Meetinghouse in Farmington, New York.
The tour included:
Rochester home of Susan B. Anthony, 19th century women’s rights leader
1816 Farmington Quaker Meetinghouse, a center of national movements for equal rights
M’Clintock House, home of Thomas M’Clintock (clerk of Genesee Yearly Meeting of Friends), Mary Ann M’Clintock, and their five children, where the Declaration of Sentiments was written in 1848
Women’s Rights National Historical Park, Seneca Falls, site of the first women’s rights convention, where Quakers made up the largest single religious group
Seward House, home of William H. Seward, Secretary of State under Abraham Lincoln, and Frances Seward, Quaker abolitionist and women’s rights supporter
Auburn home of Harriet Tubman, the “Moses of her People” and a major underground railroad agent
Howland Stone Store, operated by Slocum Howland, Quaker and underground railroad agent
North Street Meetinghouse, 1834, Orthodox Meetinghouse and major center of reform movements.
Locations in Farmington and Sherwood were so important for reform movements that they are listed on the National Register of Historic Places as the Farmington Quaker Crossroads Historic District and the Sherwood Equal Rights Historic District.
Tour participants ate dinner Friday evening with Farmington Friends Meeting and joined in meeting for worship and lunch Sunday with Friends at Poplar Ridge. Costs included bus transportation, housing, several meals, and entrance fees. A tour bus left Plymouth Meeting Mall (Plymouth Meeting, PA) 8:00 a.m. on Friday, May 20 and returned there by 6:30 p.m. on Sunday, May 22. Participants also joined the tour in New York.